, ICQ) to build worlds and characters that may last a few hours, or several years.
Role-playing may also refer to role training where people rehearse situations in preparation for a future performance and to improve their abilities within a role.The most common examples are occupational training role-plays, educational role-play exercises, and certain military wargames.Viola Spolin, who was one of the founders the famous comedy troupe Second City, insisted that her exercises were games, and that they involved role-playing as early as 1946.She accurately judged role-playing in the theatre as rehearsal and actor training, or the playing of the role of actor versus theatre roles, but many now use her games for fun in their own right.Sometimes make believe adopts an oppositional nature, resulting in games such as cops and robbers.
Historical re-enactment has been practiced by adults for millennia.
A role-playing game is a game in which the participants assume the roles of characters and collaboratively create stories.
Participants determine the actions of their characters based on their characterisation, and the actions succeed or fail according to a formal system of rules and guidelines.
Role playing may also refer to the technique commonly used by researchers studying interpersonal behavior by assigning research participants to particular roles and instructing the participants to act as if a specific set of conditions were true.
This technique of assigning and taking roles in psychological research has a long history.
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