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Demographer Harold Hodgkinson, who advocates universal preschool education as a means of providing true equal educational opportunity, reflects on the diversity in U. schools (2003): The most diverse group in the United States is our youngest children, and they will make the nation more diverse as they age.

Almost 9 million young people ages 5 to 17 speak a language other than English in their home and 2.6 million of them have difficulty speaking English.

Some teachers and some entire schools do it every day, year in and year out, with outstanding results. Los Angeles: University of California, Center for Language Education and Research.

Diverse student learners include students from racially, ethnically, culturally, and linguistically diverse families and communities of lower socioeconomic status.

If educators act on the knowledge research offers, we can realize the educational excellence we desire for all children.

Nationally, more than one-third of students (35 percent) fail to make the transition from 9th to 10th grade.

In summary, the patterns in poor school districts mirror those found in racially segregated districts.

That minority and low-income children often perform poorly on tests is well known.

But the fact that they do so because we systematically expect less from them is not. Research in communication and instruction: Categorization and synthesis.

there is an abundance of research on how to successfully reduce the effects of poverty on our youngest children" (p. Today, as in the past, teachers are being challenged to broaden their repertoire of teaching strategies to meet the needs and strengths of students from a tremendous diversity of backgrounds and cultures. Thinking carefully about equity and accountability.

These learners—African Americans, American Indians, Asian Americans, Hispanics, and many others—face societal discrimination, live in conditions of poverty, or both.

Four million Hispanics were living in poverty, but were included in both white and black totals, as Hispanics are not a "race."Regardless of race, the children in married couple families are much less likely to be poor (about 8%) while 29% of white children and 52% of black and Hispanic children who live with a single mother are likely to be poor. Santa Cruz, CA: Center for Research on Education, Diversity, and Excellence.

Almost half of these single mothers are working, usually at very low-wage jobs. 4–5) Hodgkinson advocates educational programs that, like Head Start, take into account not only academic needs but conceive of children as whole persons with social, emotional, and physical needs and strengths, in a family context (2003). There are few federal programs in any agency that can support results like these, yet Head Start enrollment has usually hovered below 50% of those eligible. 11) However, many schools do not have the opportunity to work with children at such a young age. How to integrate language and content instruction: A training manual.

The district instituted detracking (that is, heterogeneous grouping of high- and low-achievers in all classes) and accelerated learning by gradually eliminating remedial classes and offering all students rigorous classes in mathematics, global history, International Baccalaureate English, and history—classes previously offered only to the highest achievers. Anders (Eds.), Literacy development of students in urban schools: Research and policy.