Generally, quilts were made by wealthier Americans on the Eastern Seaboard who had access to a tremendous variety of fabrics brought in by ship.
Trapunto (stuffed work) quilts were made until the 1840's when their popularity waned.
Glazed fabrics such as chintz (see photo, left), roller prints and pillar prints were popular. Some quilt edges were finished with a fringe, particularly on the East Coast.
The maker was Elizabeth Belling Arundel, a member of one of the leading Catholic families of England, and the chasuble has remained in the possession of the Arundel family from that time.
(Photograph by Jim Pascoe reproduced by kind permission of Lord Talbot of Malahide)." In colonial America, thread and needles were expensive.
I believe the earliest existing European quilts are a pair of whole cloth trapunto ones, telling the story of Tristan and Isolde dating from the early 1400's.
The oldest quilts in the Smithsonian collection go back to about 1780.
Not to say that there weren't any, but it is far more likely that a quilt would be made out of fabric bought specifically for that purpose, possibly to match bed curtains.
It might also use the extra fabric left over after making clothes.
Walnut hulls, hickory nut hulls, clay, or wood chips made brown.
A deep brown with warm accents was made using manganese.
The chasuble was probably deliberately made in patchwork so that if a priest were challenged, it could pass as a bedcover.