Of the 288 passengers sent to Britain, the vast majority were alive at war's end." After the war, Captain Gustav Schröder was awarded the Order of Merit by the Federal Republic of Germany.
In 1993, Schröder was posthumously named as one of the Righteous among the Nations at the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Israel.
In 1939, it set off on a voyage in which its captain, Gustav Schröder, tried to find homes for over 900 Jewish refugees from Germany. who went to great lengths to ensure dignified treatment for his passengers. Food served included items subject to rationing in Germany, and childcare was available while parents dined. Lothar Molton, a boy traveling with his parents, said that the passengers thought of it as "a vacation cruise to freedom".
Historians have estimated that approximately a quarter of them died in death camps during World War II. film of the same title and a 1994 opera titled "St. Built by the Bremer Vulkan shipyards in Bremen for the Hamburg America Line, the St. The next six days on the harbor were tumultuous times.
Including the passengers who landed in England, of the original 936 refugees (one man died during the voyage), roughly 709 survived the war and 227 did not. Louis passengers who returned to continental Europe, we determined that eighty-seven were able to emigrate before Germany invaded western Europe on May 10, 1940.
Two hundred fifty-four passengers in Belgium, France, and the Netherlands after that date died during the Holocaust.
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Sign up today to browse the FREE personal ads of available Missouri singles, and hook up online using our completely free St Louis online dating service! St Louis Chat Rooms | St Louis Men | St Louis Women | St Louis Christian Dating | St Louis Black Singles St Louis Latin Singles | St Louis Mature Singles | St Louis Cougars | St Louis BBW | St Louis Singles Hi..The event was the subject of a 1974 book, Voyage of the Damned, by Gordon Thomas and Max Morgan-Witts. Louis was a diesel-powered ship and properly referred to with the prefix "MS" or "MV", but she is often known as the "SS St. The Cuban government, headed by President Federico Laredo Brú, refused to accept the foreign refugees. Louis regularly sailed the trans-Atlantic route from Hamburg to Halifax, Nova Scotia and New York and made cruises to the Canary Islands, Madeira and Morocco. Louis was built for both transatlantic liner service and for leisure cruises. Louis had suffered ill-treatment in Germany, but on board, they were treated very well, at the insistence of Captain Schröder.Telephone records show American officials Cordell Hull, Secretary of State, and Henry Morgenthau, Secretary of the Treasury had made some efforts to persuade Cuba to accept the refugees.Their actions, together with efforts of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, were not successful. Captain Schröder circled off the coast of Florida, hoping for permission to enter the United States.By using the survival rates for Jews in various countries, Thomas and Morgan-Witts, the authors of Voyage of the Damned, estimated that 180 of the St.